Hovawart among the dogs you have to replace and pay restitution for if they are killed or stolen.
By 1473, Heinrich Mynsinger
described the Hovawart as one of "The Five Noble Breeds" and among its
uses listed that it was useful for tracking the robber and miscreant.
This along with references to the Hovawart in German law show that it
was a readily identifiable breed and held in similar esteem to that of
Following the medieval period, the popularity of the Hovawart began to decline. Newer breeds such as the German Shepherd Dog
slowly replaced the Hovawart as a guard and working dog until it had
almost disappeared by the beginning of the twentieth century. Around
1915 a group of enthusiasts decided to try to save the breed.
Predominant in this group was the zoologist Kurt Friedrich König. They started by looking for dogs in the farms of the Black Forest region. König then started a careful breeding program using these dogs and crossed them with Kuvaszok, Newfoundlands, German Shepherd Dogs, Leonbergers, a Bernese Mountain Dog and an African Hunting Dog.
After much work the group was rewarded in 1922 when the first Hovawart
litter was entered into the German Breeding Registry. The enthusiasts
continued their work and in 1937 the German Kennel Club officially recognised the Hovawart. All this work was almost undone with the outbreak of the Second World War.
Because of their abilities many Hovawarts were used in the German war
effort and perished. By 1945 only a few remained. Enthusiasm for the
breed remained and in 1947, Otto Schramm and some fellow enthusiasts in Coburg
formed a new club, the "Rassezuchtverein für Hovawart-Hunde Coburg"
which is still in existence today. In 1964 the German Kennel Club
recognised the Hovawart as the country's seventh working breed and
around this time enthusiasm for the breed started to develop in other